Chlamydia trachomatis infection

Last updated: Tuesday, 27, July, 2010
Key InformationAppropriate Tests
Many infections are asymptomatic.

Urethritis

Genital swab; initial (first void urine) for Chlamydia trachomatis detection.

If C. trachomatis infection is confirmed, the possibility of other sexually transmitted diseases should be considered.

Cervicitis

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctival swab.

Trachoma

Conjunctival swab, corneal scrapings.

Pneumonia (in neonates)

Chlamydia antibodies; the presence of IgM antibodies supports the diagnosis of chlamydial infection.