Last updated: Thursday, 29, July, 2010
Key InformationAppropriate Tests

Due to tissue infection with the larval cysts of Taenia solium.

Prevalence of disease, which is almost always a result of CNS involvement, is high in Mexico, Central and South America, the Philippines and South East Asia.

Imaging studies (plain X-ray, CT, MRI) are of value in the demonstration of lesions, which may be cystic and may be calcified.

Faeces - ova, cysts and parasites. Cerebrospinal fluid examination.

Taenia solium serology may strengthen the diagnosis, providing evidence of exposure.


  • Mass effects/seizures
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Chronic meningitis
  • Spinal cord compression

Other sites

  • Cardiac
  • Skeletal muscle