Dehydration

Last updated: Saturday, 27, November, 2010
CausesAppropriate Tests
Clinical assessment. Investigation may include electrolytes, creatinine, urea with urea/creatinine ratio; albumin, protein (total); FBC; urine - osmolality, sodium, if appropriate to exclude acute tubular necrosis.
Reduced fluid intake

Coma

Fluid loss

Persistent vomiting/diarrhoea

Fever

Sustained exercise

Diabetes mellitus

  • Ketoacidosis
  • Hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma

Diabetes insipidus

Hypercalcaemia

Addison's disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See under Adrenocortical insufficiency.