Last updated: Saturday, 22, January, 2011
Pleural fluid - microscopy and culture (including AFB if appropriate), protein, glucose, LD; cytology; flow cytometry for cell immunophenotyping FNAB, lesion biopsy, if indicated.See also Pleurisy
See also Lung abscess
Usually associated with penetrating chest injuries.
Connective tissue diseases, especially
Chylous effusion (thoracic duct trauma/obstruction)
Pleural aspiration usually diagnostic; triglycerides if diagnosis doubtful.