Last updated: Wednesday, 22, December, 2010
Early management is essential and must not be delayed pending snake/venom identification.
Snake (species) identification must be attempted. Venom may be identified from swab or tissue from site of bite; urine may also be required. See Snake Venom Detection.
FBC, blood film, platelet count, APTT, PT, fibrin degradation products, fibrinogen; electrolytes, creatinine, urea, urate, calcium, phosphate, albumin, CK, LD.
Local tissue necrosis
Renal failure - acute