Last updated: Saturday, 13, November, 2010
In acute exacerbations: sputum - microscopy and culture (occasionally bronchial brushings, lavage). Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are particularly important pathogens in this setting. Blood culture in severely ill patients with radiological evidence of pneumonia.
Local obstruction eg,
|Sputum cytology, bronchial brush, wash; lesion biopsy.|
See Lung lesion
Immunoglobulins G, A, M
Immotile cilia syndrome eg,
Tests of cilial function - consult pathologist. Nasal biopsy, including EM for assessment of ciliary morphology.