Complete Clinical Problems Listing

This section presents pathology tests in the context of the clinical problems which give rise to the need for diagnostic information.

Clinical problems are listed in alphabetical order with links to synonyms or related problems.

Select a letter or subdivision and then select a clinical problem.

Clinical Problems by Alphabetical Order

A
Abdominal pain
Abortion
Abscess
Acidosis
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Acrocyanosis
Acromegaly
Actinomycosis
Acute leukaemia
Acute phase response
Addison's disease
Adrenal medullary disorders
Adrenocortical hyperfunction
Adrenocortical insufficiency
Adverse drug reaction
AIDS
Albuminuria
Alcoholism
Alkalosis
Alopecia
Alzheimer's disease
Amenorrhoea
Aminoacidurias (genetic)
Amoebiasis
Amyloidosis
Anaemia
Anaemia of chronic disease (Anaemia of Inflammation)
Anaemia of renal disease
Analgesic abuse
Analgesic nephropathy
Anaphylactoid reaction
Anaphylaxis
Androgen deficiency
Angioedema
Ankylosing spondylitis
Anorexia nervosa
Antenatal screening
Anticoagulant monitoring
Antiphospholipid syndrome
Anuria
Aplastic anaemia
Apnoea - post-anaesthetic
ARDS
Arrhythmias
Arthritis
Asbestosis
Ascites
Aspergillosis
Asplenia
Asthma
Ataxia
Atherosclerosis: risk assessment
Autoimmune haemolysis
B
Bartholin's abscess
Basophilia
Bee sting
Benign Monoclonal Gammopathy
Biliary obstruction
Bite
Bleeding disorders
Blood loss
Blood transfusion
Bone fracture - pathological
Bone pain
Botulism
Brain abscess
Breast carcinoma
Breast lesion
Bronchiectasis
Bronchiolitis
Bronchitis - acute or chronic
Brucellosis
Bruising
Bulimia
Bullous skin lesions
Burns
C
C1 inhibitor deficiency
Candidiasis
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Carcinoid syndrome
Carcinoid tumour
Carcinoma
Cardiac failure
Cardiomyopathy
Cat scratch disease
Cataracts
Cellulitis
Cerebral abscess
Cerebrovascular accident
Cervical carcinoma
Cervical lesion
Chancre
Chancroid
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
Chest pain
Chicken pox
Chlamydia trachomatis infection
Cholecystitis
Cholera
Cholestasis
Chondrocalcinosis
Choriocarcinoma
Chorioretinitis
Christmas disease
Chronic fatigue
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Chronic granulocytic leukaemia
Chronic leukaemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML)
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML)
Ciguatera poisoning
Cirrhosis
CJD
CMV infection
Coagulation disorders
Coeliac disease
Cold related disorders
Colitis
Collagen diseases
Collagen disorders
Colorectal tumour
Coloured urine
Complement deficiency
Condyloma
Congenital infection
Conjunctivitis
Conn's syndrome
Connective tissue diseases
Contact dermatitis
Convulsions
Corneal ulcer
Coronary artery disease
CREST syndrome (limited scleroderma)
Creutzfeldt Jakob disease
Crohn's disease
Croup (Larynotracheobronchitis)
Cryofibrinogenaemia
Cryoglobulinaemia
Cryptococcal infection
Cryptosporidial infection
Cushing's syndrome
Cyanosis
Cystic fibrosis
Cystic renal disease
Cysticercosis
Cystitis
Cytomegalovirus infection
D
Dehydration
Delayed puberty (female)
Delayed puberty (male)
Delirium
Dementia
Dengue
Dermatitis herpetiformis
Dermatomyositis
Devic Disease
Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes mellitus
Diarrhoea
DIC
Diphtheria
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Dog bite
Donovanosis
Down syndrome
Drug abuse in sport
Drug monitoring
Drug overdose
Dry mouth
Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy
Duodenal ulcer
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Dysuria
E
Ectopic ACTH syndrome
Ectopic pregnancy
Eczema
Emphysema
Empyema
Encephalitis
Endocarditis, infective
Envenomation
Eosinophilia
Epididymo-orchitis
Epiglottitis
Epilepsy
Erectile dysfunction
Erysipelas
Erythema multiforme
Erythema nodosum
Erythrocytosis
ESR - elevation
Essential thrombocythaemia
F
Factor V Leiden mutation
Failure to thrive
Familial polyposis coli
Fatigue
Favism
Febrile neutropenia
Felty syndrome
Fetal death
Fever
Fibrinolysis
Fibrinolytic therapy
Filariasis
Fish/shellfish poisoning
Fits
Folate deficiency
Food intolerance/allergy
Food poisoning
Fracture, pathological
Fragile X syndrome
Fungal infection
G
G-6-PD deficiency
Galactorrhoea
Galactosaemia
Gastric atrophy
Gastric ulcer
Gastritis/gastric erosions
Gastroenteritis
Genetic disorders
Genital herpes
Genital ulcer
Germ cell tumour
Giardiasis
Gilbert syndrome
Gingival hypertrophy
Gingivitis
Glandular fever
Glomerulonephritis (GN)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
Glucosuria
Gluten sensitivity
Glycogen storage diseases
Glycosuria
Goitre
Gonadal hypofunction (female)
Gonadal hypofunction (male)
Gonococcal infection
Gonorrhoea
Goodpasture syndrome
Gout
Graft versus host disease
Granular lymphocytic leukaemia (GLL)
Granuloma inguinale
Graves' disease
Gynaecomastia
H
Haematemesis
Haematuria
Haemochromatosis
Haemodialysis complications
Haemoglobin variants
Haemoglobinopathy
Haemoglobinuria
Haemolysis
Haemolysis - neonatal
Haemolytic anaemia
Haemolytic disease of the newborn
Haemolytic uraemic syndrome
Haemophilia
Haemophilus ducreyi infection
Haemophilus influenzae infection
Haemoptysis
Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn
Haemosiderosis
Hairy cell leukaemia
Hansen's disease
Hashimoto disease
Hay fever
Heavy chain disease
Heavy metal exposure/toxicity
Helicobacter pylori infection
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Heparin therapy
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT)
Hepatic abscess
Hepatic failure
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A virus infection
Hepatitis B virus infection
Hepatitis C virus infection
Hepatitis D virus infection
Hepatitis E virus infection
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Hepatomegaly
Hereditary angioedema
Hereditary elliptocytosis
Hereditary spherocytosis
Herpes simplex infection
Herpes zoster infection
Hirschsprung's disease
Hirsutism
Histoplasmosis
HIT
HIV infection
Hodgkin's disease
Hookworm infection
HSV infection
HTLV-I/HTLV-II infection
Human papillomavirus infection
Huntington disease
Hydatid disease
Hydatidiform mole
Hydrops fetalis
Hyperaldosteronism
Hyperammonaemia
Hyperbilirubinaemia
Hypercalcaemia
Hypercholesterolaemia
Hypergammaglobulinaemia
Hyperglycaemia
Hyperhomocysteinaemia
Hyperkalaemia
Hyperlipidaemia
Hypernatraemia
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperprolactinaemia
Hypersplenism
Hypertension
Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroxinaemia (euthyroid)
Hyperuricaemia
Hyperviscosity syndrome
Hypoalbuminaemia
Hypoaldosteronism
Hypocalcaemia
Hypogammaglobulinaemia
Hypoglycaemia
Hypokalaemia
Hypomagnesaemia
Hyponatraemia
Hypoparathyroidism
Hypopituitarism
Hyposplenism
Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroxinaemia (euthyroid)
I
IgA deficiency (selective)
IgG subclass deficiency
Immune thrombocytopenia
Immunodeficiency
Immunoproliferative disorders
Impotence/loss of libido (males)
Incompatible blood transfusion
Infection (increased susceptibility)
Infectious mononucleosis
Infertility (Male and Female)
Inflammatory bowel disease
Influenza
Inherited disorders
Insect sting sensitivity
Insecticide exposure, poisoning
Interstitial lung disease
Intra-uterine growth retardation
Iritis (uveitis)
Iron deficiency
Iron toxicity
Ischaemic heart disease
J
Jaundice
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
K
Keratoconjunctivitis
Kernicterus
Ketoacidosis
Klinefelter syndrome
L
Lactic acidosis
Lactose intolerance
Large granular lymphocyte leukaemia
Laryngitis
Laryngotracheitis
Latex allergy
Lead poisoning
Legionella infection
Legionnaires' disease
Leishmaniasis
Leprosy
Leptospirosis
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
Leucocytosis
Leucoerythroblastic anaemia
Leucopenia
Leukaemia
Leukaemoid reaction
Leukoplakia
LGV
Lipid storage diseases
Listeriosis
Liver abscess
Liver disease
Liver failure
Lung abscess
Lung carcinoma
Lung lesion
Lyme disease
Lymphadenopathy
Lymphocytopenia
Lymphocytosis
Lymphogranuloma venereum
Lymphoma (classification)
Lymphoma (non-Hodgkin's)
Lymphopenia
Lymphoproliferative disorders
Lysosomal storage diseases
M
Macroglobulinaemia
Malabsorption
Malaria
Malignant hyperthermia
Malnutrition
Mastitis
Mastocytosis
Measles
Megaloblastic anaemia
Melaena
Melanoma
Melioidosis
MEN
Meningitis
Menopause
Menorrhagia
Mesothelioma
MGUS
Microangiopathic haemolysis
Mitochondrial disorders
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS)
Monocytosis
Mononucleosis syndromes
Mucormycosis
Multiple endocrine neoplasia
Multiple myeloma
Multiple sclerosis
Mumps
Muscle weakness
Muscular dystrophy
Myasthenia
Mycobacterial infection
Mycoplasma infection
Myelodysplastic syndromes - classification
Myelofibrosis
Myeloma
Myeloproliferative disorders
Myocardial infarction
Myocardial ischaemia
Myocarditis
Myoglobinuria
Myopathy
Myotonia
Myxoedema
N
Needle stick injury
Neonatal bleeding
Neonatal haemolysis
Neonatal jaundice
Neonatal screening
Neonatal sepsis
Nephritis
Nephroblastoma
Nephrocalcinosis
Nephrotic syndrome
Neuroblastoma
Neurofibromatosis
Neuromyelitis Optica
Neuropathy
Neutropenia
Neutrophil dysfunction
Neutrophilia
Neutrophilia, with early myeloid cells (blood film)
Nocturia
O
Obesity
Occupational lung disease
Oedema
Oesophagitis
Oligomenorrhoea
Oliguria
Opportunistic infections
Oral anticoagulant therapy
Oral ulcers
Orchitis
Organic acidaemias
Organophosphate exposure/poisoning
Osteomalacia
Osteomyelitis
Osteoporosis
Otitis externa
Otitis media
Ovarian hypofunction
Ovarian mass
Overdose, drug
P
Paget's disease
Paget's disease of the bone
Pancreatic insufficiency (exocrine)
Pancreatic mass
Pancreatic neoplasm
Pancreatitis
Pancytopenia
Panhypopituitarism
Panniculitis
Paracetamol overdose
Paragonimus infection
Paralysis/Paresis
Paraproteinaemia
Paraquat poisoning
Parathyroid disorders
Parotid swelling
Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and hypoplastic MDS (Myelodysplastic syndrome)
Parvovirus B19 infection
Pathological fracture
Pelvic abscess
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Peptic ulcer
Pericardial effusion
Pericarditis
Peritoneal dialysis complications
Peritoneal effusion
Peritonitis
Peritonsillar abscess
Pernicious anaemia
Peroxisomal disorders
Pertussis
Petechiae
Phaeochromocytoma
Pharyngitis
Phenylketonuria
Phospholipid antibody syndrome
Photosensitivity, skin
Pigmentation, skin
Pituitary hormone deficiency
Pituitary hormone excess
Pituitary/hypothalamic disorders
Plasma cell dyscrasias
Platelet disorders
Pleural effusion
Pleurisy
Pleurodynia
Pneumocystis infection
Pneumonia
Poisoning
Poliomyelitis
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN)
Polycystic kidney disease
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycythaemia
Polycythaemia rubra vera (PRV,PV)
Polydipsia
Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome
Polymalgia rheumatica
Polymyositis
Polyuria
Porphyria
Post-anaesthetic apnoea
Post-menopausal bleeding
Post-partum fever
Pre-eclampsia
Pre-leukaemia
Pre-operative assessment
Precocious pseudo-puberty
Precocious puberty
Pregnancy
Prolymphocytic leukaemia
Prostatic abscess
Prostatic enlargement
Prostatitis
Protein-losing enteropathy
Proteinuria
Prothrombin gene mutation (G20210A)
Pruritis
Pseudogout
Psittacosis
Psychomotor regression
Psychomotor retardation
Pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary oedema
PUO
Purpura
Pyelonephritis
Pyrexia of unknown origin
Pyuria, sterile
Q
Q Fever
Quinsy
R
Rabies
Raynaud's phenomenon
Rectal bleeding
Reiter's syndrome
Renal calculi
Renal colic
Renal disorders
Renal failure
Renal mass
Renal papillary necrosis
Renal stone (calculus)
Renal tubular acidosis
Renal tubular disorders
Renal tubulo-interstitial disorders
Respiratory disorders
Respiratory distress syndrome
Respiratory failure
Retinitis
Reye syndrome
Rhabdomyolysis
Rheumatic fever
Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (juvenile)
Rhinitis/rhinorrhoea
Rickets
Rickettsial diseases
Ringworm
Rodent poison ingestion
Rubella
S
Salivary gland disorders
Sarcoidosis
Sarcoma
Schistosomiasis
Scleroderma
Scoline apnoea
Scurvy
Septicaemia
Sexually transmitted diseases
Shingles
Shock
Short stature
SIADH
Sicca syndrome
Sickle cell disorders
Sideroblastic anaemia
SIDS
Sjogren syndrome
Skin abscess
Skin ulcer
SLE
Smoking
Snake bite
Sperm donation
Spinal muscular atrophy
Spino-bulbar muscular atrophy
Spino-cerebellar ataxias (SCA)
Splenectomy
Splenic atrophy/absence
Splenomegaly
Sport drug abuse
Staphyloccocal scalded skin syndrome
Steatorrhoea
Sterile pyuria
Stevens-Johnson syndrome
Still's disease
Stomatitis
Stroke
Sudden infant death syndrome
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion
Synovial effusion
Syphilis
Systemic lupus erythematosus
T
Telangiectases
Temporal arteritis
Testicular failure
Testicular mass
Tetanus
Tetany
Thalassaemia
Therapeutic drug monitoring
Thirst (chronic)
Thrombocythaemia (essential)
Thrombocytopenia
Thrombocytosis
Thromboembolism
Thrombolytic therapy
Thrombophilia
Thrombosis
Thrombotic thrombocytopaenic purpura (TTP)
Thrush
Thyrogastric cluster
Thyroid disorders
Thyroid nodule/cyst
Thyrotoxicosis
Tinea
Tonsillar abscess
Tonsillitis
Toxic epidermal necrolysis
Toxic shock syndrome
Toxocara infection
Toxoplasmosis
Trachoma
Transverse myelitis
Traveller's diarrhoea
Trichomonas vaginalis infection
Trypanosomiasis
Tuberculosis
Typhoid
Typhus
U
Ulcerative colitis
Urethral discharge
Urethritis
Urinary frequency
Urinary tract calculi
Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract obstruction
Urticaria
Urticaria pigmentosa
Uveitis
V
Vaginal bleeding
Vaginal discharge
Varicella zoster infection
Vasculitis
Venous thromboembolism
Vesicular skin lesions
Vincent's infection
Viral hepatitis
Virilisation
Visceral larva migrans
Vitamin B12 deficiency
Vitamin K deficiency
Vitiligo
Vomiting
von Willebrand's disease (VWD)
Vulvovaginitis
W
Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia (Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma)
Warts
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Wegener's granulomatosis
Weight loss
Whooping cough
Wilms' tumour (Nephroblastoma)
Wilson's disease
Worm infection
Wound infection
X
Xanthelasma
Xanthoma
Xerostomia
Z
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome