Cholinesterase - plasma

Last updated: Monday, 06, August, 2007

MBS Online Search Page: Click here for details

Item Process
Specimen

5 mL blood in lithium heparin tube.

Method

Spectrophotometry, with measurement of total activity, Dibucaine-resistant activity and fluoride-resistant activity.

Dibucaine and fluoride numbers correspond to the percentage inhibition of cholinesterase in the presence of the inhibitor.

Genotyping is available for the identification of some mutations.
See Molecular genetics.

Reference Interval

Consult pathologist.

Application

Prolonged apnoea following suxamethonium (Scoline) or mivacurium.

For organophosphate and carbamate poisoning, see Cholinesterase - red cell, which is the preferred test.

Interpretation

Susceptibility to 'Scoline apnoea' is inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder; cholinesterase activity is usually, but not always, low.
Dibucaine and fluoride numbers improve the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Family studies should be done so that other affected individuals can be cautioned against exposure to suxamethonium or mivacurium. Genotyping can clarify risk.

Low levels are also found in pregnancy and in patients with hepatocellular disease.

Organophosphate poisoning temporarily reduces the activity of this enzyme, making it useful for the detection of repeated acute poisoning.

Reference

Pantuck EJ. Anaesthes Analg 1993; 77: 380-386.