Growth hormone - plasma or serum

Last updated: Sunday, 14, March, 2004
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5 mL blood in lithium heparin or plain tube. The patient should be unstressed and fasting.



Reference Interval

Dependent on age and assay method. Consult pathologist.


Pituitary and hypothalamic disorders causing growth abnormalities.

Growth hormone as an isolated test is of limited value as levels fluctuate considerably in normal individuals. Dynamic tests are required for proper diagnosis.

See Growth hormone stimulation testGrowth hormone suppression testIGF-I.


Low levels which are not able to be stimulated to a level achieved by normal subjects occur in pituitary dwarfism in children.

High or normal levels which cannot be suppressed are found in gigantism and acromegaly.

IGF-1 is a better screening test for acromegally and gigantism.


Simard MF. Neurosurg Clin N Am 2003; 14(1): 41-54.